8595 / 9590
Model 90 Front View
Model 90 Planar
   DBA Artifact on 8590s
   Video Ram
     Video RAM Installation
   8590 and 9590 Planar Differences
   9590 Floppy Controller
      Three Floppy Experience
      * Marked 2.88MB Floppy Drives on 8590s
   Serial Port Speed
   Memory Riser
     Orienting SIMMs on Riser
      Loading SIMMs
      Error 201
      SIMM Holders
      Riser Support Bracket
   Memory Expansion Boards


Front view

Badge- If grey, XGA. If blue, XGA-2 (Blue means ISO compliant). 
Floppy 1.44MB (8590) or 2.88MB (9590) 
5.25" Bay Outer rails are for a 5.25" drive. The left and center rails are for a 3.5" drive. 


Why was the 90 introduced?
Dennis Smith
   The Model 90 was intended to be a "desktop server".  It came out in 1989/90.  A few years before the Bermuda 77 and Lacuna 77.  The 77 was the replacement for the Mod. 90, but it continued in the 95xx Premium Line until about 1994. The main reason for releasing the Mod. 90 was most likely to replace the Mod. 70 and to have a desktop cousin to the Mod. 95.

Martin Adams
   One advantage the model 90 has over the 77 is the 8 SIMM slots. Eight 8M sims are allot cheaper than four 16M sticks right now. We also have the caching SCSI that could have its cache upgraded. You don't have to pull adapter cards to reconfigure RAM. I prefer the planar mounted bus connectors too.



8590 / 9590 Planar

 
BT1 Battery
J1 SCSI adapter slot
J2 Power switch/speaker
J3, J6 Adapter slot
J4 AVE slot
J5 Fan connector
J7 Processor-board slot
J9 XGA Video
J10 Power-on password
J11, J14 Memory-riser slot 
J12 DB25 Serial Port
J15 Floppy port
J16, J23 DBA ESDI port
J17 DB9 Serial Port
J18 Parallel Port
J19 Mouse Port
J24 Keyboard Port
J25, J26 Power-supply
Y1 32.768KHz
U7 DS1210
U9 41.5390 MHz
U13 14.3181 MHz "System Oscillator". Timing for computer accessories, but not cpu or bus.
U14 37F0842 Used on XGA cards
U16 TDK ZJY-2P g Used on XGA
U18 25.175 MHz Used on XGA 
U19 TDK ZJY-2P g Used on XGA
U20 TDK ZJY-2P g Used on XGA
U21 44.9000 MHz Used on XGA
U22 28.3220 MHz Used on XGA
U23 Dallas DS1285 RTC
U24 SRM2264LC12 
U25-U29 Video Memory
U36, U38, U40 Video Memory
U64 Toshiba TC110GC9AF (74F5160)
U65 40.0000MHz
U67 85F0464 Used on 95 M planar
U72 TI CF61533FN (64F3110)
U77 22.1184 MHz Clock for the "Type 3 High-Speed UART". Divided by 2 for better waveform and 1:1 ratio of low and high. 
U84 N82077AA Floppy Controller
U87 64F0942 Used on 95 M planar
U88 64F0942 Used on 95 M planar
U92 24.0000 MHz


90 Ports



J16 and J23 Artifact- IBM intended originally to bring out a "low-end" Mod. 90 with DBA-ESDI and a 386DX-25 / DX-33 processorboard - but luckily dropped these plans. (Ed. Either the US Army or a big insurance company (different rumors) had 386DX-20 complexes made for it- the infamous "Type 0"). The DBA-connectors are "design artifacts". The planar adf for the Mod. 90 contains information on the DBA feature, but they are no longer supported by the machine firmware or BIOS. Don't bother with these ports, they are non-functional. The later Mod. 90 had only soldering spots until the end of production. 

Video Ram
   The VRAM chips are Toshiba TC524256BZ-10 or NEC D42274V-10. If you have a different Video ZIP make that works, send me a note. The 8590 systems have 8 sockets for video memory available. The 9590 systems come with 4 VRAM chips (512KB) soldered to the planar.

NOTE: Even though IBM Canada site sez the 9590 has XGA-2 integrated into the planar, IT DOES NOT!!! It has 512K soldered on the planar, plus 4 sockets for the 512K video memory upgrade. The 95xx just means ISO compliant. That's why the 9590 came with XGA-2 cards in them. 

Video RAM Installation

   Place the insertion tool (1) over the emptyVRAM socket (If you have one!)
   Align the beveled corner (2) of the VRAM chip towards the rear of the system. On most 90s, there is a dot on the planar that the beveled edge (marked with a colored dot sometimes) lines up with. Carefully align the pins with the socket (3) and firmly press the module straight down into place
   Do not start one end before the other. You can slightly rock the chip side to side to install into a stiff socket, but be careful! 

Which Slot for the XGA-2?
   Generally, Slot 2 or Slot 4. Slot 3 is physically incompatible. For a full discussion, go HERE

Differences between 8590 and 9590 Planars
 The 9590 lacks the DBA artifacts, has 512K video memory soldered on the planar, and is a pretty green. The 9590 planar is identified as an XP 90 system board under setup. It does not support Synchrostream. The parallel port is a standard one, no Expressprint. No Wake on Ring.



9590 Floppy Controller
  On my 9590, it is a 82077AA If you know what it is on a 8590, tell ME about it! 

Three Floppy Experience
  Just because people said it isn't done, I threw three 1.44MB floppies into my 9590. All three showed up under setup as 1.44MB drives. Under DOS, they are accessable as A:, B:, and D:. Under W95, it blows the mind of the IOS driver and Win95 says you must shut the system down and restart Windoze. But under safe mode, I was able to access and read off the D: floppy. 
  I will eventually try it under NT 4.0 just for snorts 'n grins... 

* Marked Floppy Drives on 8590s
   Older 8590s may have their floppy controllers FRIED if you use a 2.88MB floppy that has an asterisk ( * ) on the upper surface of the eject button. The 9590 is not affected by this charming quirk. There has to be an earlier floppy controller other than the 82077AA, which supports an asterisk marked floppy on my 9590.



Serial Port Speed
 345.6KB/sec


Memory Riser

Orienting SIMMs
   When inserting SIMMs onto the riser, orient the notch on the SIMM with the notch on the riser. Always wondered why the riser had that seemingly useless extension to the right. Think of the riser as a big SIMM with it's notch. Like to like...

SIMM Holder Clips
There also was a problem with local power-drops on the early Mod. 90 memory riser cards (the ones with all-plastic SIMM-sockets). Improved versions had metal holder clips. And - logically - you should not mix the two versions. 

Memory Riser Card Support Bracket
There *must* be a plastic Support Bracket clipped over the 2 (two !) memory riser boards to properly fix them. This part is called "memory riser card support bracket" and is FRU 57F3029. It also has a "bay" to guide the SCSI-cable surface wave filter (that large heavy ferro-oxide block). 



Loading SIMMs Onto Memory Risers
   Memory must be loaded in matched pairs (size and speed) into sockets J1+J3 and J2+J4 for interleaved configurations. (Type 1, 3, and 4 complexes). Type 2 complexes allow you to stuff SIMMs in the sockets in any order or combination, but if not in matched pairs (J1+J3, J2+J4) there will be a performance hit.
   Don't stuff one Riser with modules (especially double-sided) and leave the other blank. It *hates* imbalance on the memory drivers. Try to organize them the way to achieve a balanced load on *both* memory risers by having equal number of chips per pair, then on both risers. 
   Certain releases of the Mod. 90 had problems with the double-sided SIMMs - especially with the 8MB ... I vaguely remember a sort of pamphlet from IBM dealing with this issue - but cannot remember if I'd copied it into a file or kept in in paper form and if: where I have left it. At least the problem is not listed in the ECA-database. 

Error 201
    Error code 201 says "Reseat system board memory" and can afflict the systemboard as well as the memory only. I would suggest to remove the memory risers, reseat all modules, plug them back and see if they are seated properly. 
    I would also suggest that you start with one single pair of matching memory modules in the connectors J1 + J3 (Peter, pay more attention when you post!!!) on riser J11 - the one closer to the processorboard. This is just to test out if your problem is memory- or systemboard related. 
    If the machine comes up fine (counts memory) - install the next pair in sockets J1 + J3 in Riser J14 - the on closer to the power supply to keep balanced load of the memory decoder lines. As I wrote: the Mod. 90 has a sensible feeling for imbalanced memory modules and may "spin out" with somewhat strange and unexplainable errors by no obvious reason. There once was a recommendation from IBM on that topic and they explicitely mentioned it for the Mod.90 - particularly for those cases where double-sided memory modules are used (which put a higher load on the decoder lines). 

Memory Expansion Boards
You can't. Sort of. The 90 will accept an expanded memory card's memory IF there is less than 16MB on the risers. But IF the 90 has 16MB or more, then setup disables the expansion board memory. If you can cram 64MB on the risers, who the heck needs another 16MB on a card? 

Planar Main Page

9595 Main Page

000">   Memory must be loaded in matched pairs (size and speed) into sockets J1+J3 and J2+J4 for interleaved configurations. (Type 1, 3, and 4 complexes). Type 2 complexes allow you to stuff SIMMs in the sockets in any order or combination, but if not in matched pairs (J1+J3, J2+J4) there will be a performance hit.
   Don't stuff one Riser with modules (especially double-sided) and leave the other blank. It *hates* imbalance on the memory drivers. Try to organize them the way to achieve a balanced load on *both* memory risers by having equal number of chips per pair, then on both risers. 
   Certain releases of the Mod. 90 had problems with the double-sided SIMMs - especially with the 8MB ... I vaguely remember a sort of pamphlet from IBM dealing with this issue - but cannot remember if I'd copied it into a file or kept in in paper form and if: where I have left it. At least the problem is not listed in the ECA-database. 

Error 201
    Error code 201 says "Reseat system board memory" and can afflict the systemboard as well as the memory only. I would suggest to remove the memory risers, reseat all modules, plug them back and see if they are seated properly. 
    I would also suggest that you start with one single pair of matching memory modules in the connectors J1 + J3 (Peter, pay more attention when you post!!!) on riser J11 - the one closer to the processorboard. This is just to test out if your problem is memory- or systemboard related. 
    If the machine comes up fine (counts memory) - install the next pair in sockets J1 + J3 in Riser J14 - the on closer to the power supply to keep balanced load of the memory decoder lines. As I wrote: the Mod. 90 has a sensible feeling for imbalanced memory modules and may "spin out" with somewhat strange and unexplainable errors by no obvious reason. There once was a recommendation from IBM on that topic and they explicitely mentioned it for the Mod.90 - particularly for those cases where double-sided memory modules are used (which put a higher load on the decoder lines). 

Memory Expansion Boards
You can't. Sort of. The 90 will accept an expanded memory card's memory IF there is less than 16MB on the risers. But IF the 90 has 16MB or more, then setup disables the expansion board memory. If you can cram 64MB on the risers, who the heck needs another 16MB on a card? 

Planar Main Page

9595 Main Page