9552 Power

Power Systems Checkout
Note:  One or all of the batteries can discharge if there is a short circuit in the system.
1. Replace the failing FRU if the power supply problem is caused by a short circuit.
2. Determine if one (or all) of the batteries have become discharged. Replace any discharged battery with its spare, if available.

How to test:
AC Adapter
Car Battery Adapter (700 only)
Battery Pack
Backup Battery
Standby Battery
Quick Charger
Voltage Converter (700, 700C)
Voltage Converter (720, 720C)



Checking the AC Adapter:
   If the Power-On indicator does not turn-on, check the power cord of the AC adapter for correct continuity and installation.

1. If any noise can be heard from AC adapter when it is plugged into ac power outlet, replace AC adapter. If no noise can be heard from AC adapter, go to step 3.
2. If a noise is still heard from new AC adapter, suspect the computer. Replace AC adapter with the original one, then go to the next step. If no noise is heard from new AC adapter, the original AC adapter is defective.
3. Unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer and measure the output voltage at the plug of the AC adapter cable.


 

Pin
Voltage (V dc)
1
+19.0 to +21.0
2
Ground

   o  If the voltage is not correct, go to the next step.
4. Unplug the AC adapter cable from the ac power outlet and wait for a few minutes.
5. Plug the AC adapter cable into the ac power outlet.
6. Measure the output voltage of the AC adapter. 
    o If the voltage is still not correct, replace the AC adapter.
    o If voltage is correct, plug AC adapter cable into computer and try the failing operation again.
    o If the problem goes away, suspect the continuity or installation of the AC adapter cable.
    o If the problem is not corrected, replace the voltage converter.



Checking the Car Battery Adapter (700 only):
   If the output voltage from the cigarette lighter socket of the car is less than 10.5 V dc, the power-on indicator on the car battery adapter blinks and a noise can be heard continuously.

1. Unplug the car battery adapter cable from the connector, if connected.
2. Plug the car battery adapter into the cigarette lighter socket. Note:  If the adapter is already plugged in, be sure to unplug the adapter from the cigarette lighter socket, then plug it back in.
3. Measure the output voltage of the car battery adapter cable. 


 

Pin
Voltage (V dc)
1
+19.0 to +21.0
2
Ground

   o If the voltage is correct and the power-on indicator on the car battery adapter is on all the
time, the car battery is working correctly. Replace the voltage converter. If the problem is
not resolved when the voltage converter is replaced, go to Checking the Voltage Converter
(700, 700C) or “Checking the Voltage Converter (720, 720C)” 
   o If the voltage is outside the normal voltage range, do one of the following:
     – Try the above test procedures using a different car, if one is available.
     – Replace car battery adapter if computer works with AC adapter but not car battery adapter.
Note:  If output voltage from cigarette lighter socket of car is less than 10.5 V dc, the car battery adapter's power-on indicator blinks and a continuous noise is heard. Service the car battery .



Checking the Battery Pack
1. Carefully place the computer bottom-side up.
2. Remove battery pack and measure voltage between battery terminals 1 (+) and 3 (N).


 

Pin
Voltage (V dc)
1
+10.0 to +18.0
2
Thermal Detection
3
Ground

   o If voltage is less than +10.0 V dc, the battery pack has been discharged or is defective.
   o If the voltage is more than +10.0 V dc, go to the next step.
3. Using an ohm meter, measure the resistance between battery terminals 2 (T) and 3 (N). The
resistance must be 4 to 30 kilohms.
   o If the resistance is not correct, replace the battery pack.
   o If the resistance is correct, go to the next step.
4. Install battery pack and plug AC adapter cable into computer to charge battery pack.
   o  If the battery power status indicator is blinking (orange) and battery charging indicator is on,
replace the battery pack. If the battery is charging normally, the battery is OK.



Checking the Backup Battery
1. Carefully place the computer bottom-side up.
2. Remove the bottom cover.
3. Disconnect the battery connector from the system board.
4. Measure the voltage of the backup battery. See the following figure.


 
 
 
 
Wire
Voltage (V dc)
Red
+2.5 to +3.7
Black
Ground

   o If voltage is correct, replace system board.
   o If voltage is not correct, backup battery was discharged by a short circuit or it is defective.
 



Checking the Standby Battery
Note:  Make sure battery pack is removed from computer before standby battery is removed.
1. Power-off the computer and unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer.
2. Remove the battery pack.
3. Remove the indicator cover.
4. Disconnect the standby battery connector from the voltage converter.
5. Plug the AC adapter cable into the computer and power-on the computer.
6. Measure the output voltage at the connector on the voltage converter. 


 
 
 
Pin
Voltage (V dc)
1
+4
2
Ground

   o If the voltage is less than +4 V dc, replace the voltage converter.
   o If the voltage is more than +4 V dc, go to the next step.
 

7. Power-off the computer and unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer.
8. Reconnect the standby battery to the voltage converter.
9. Plug AC adapter cable into computer and power-on computer. Allow 30 min for standby battery to charge.
10. Power-off computer and unplug AC adapter cable from computer - remove standby battery.
11. Measure the voltage of standby battery.
   o If the voltage is less than 3.5 V dc, replace standby battery.



Checking the Quick Charger: 

   If a humming or buzzing sound is heard from the quick charger when it is operating, replace the quick charger. If the charger is operating at a normal quiet sound level, do the following.

1. Perform steps 1 - 3 of  Checking the Battery Pack to ensure correct battery pack operation.
2. Connect power cord to quick charger and ac power outlet. Ensure power-on indicator is on.
   o If power-on indicator does not turn on, check quick charger's power cord for correct continuity and installation.
   o If the problem is not corrected, replace the quick charger or the power cord.
3. Install the battery pack into the quick charger.
   o If the charging indicator does not start blinking, replace the quick charger.



Checking the Voltage Converter (700, 700C): 
   Use this procedure to isolate a problem with the ThinkPad 700, 700C voltage converter.
Note:  If the problem only occurs when using the computer with a good battery pack, replace the
voltage converter.
1. Power-off the computer.
2. Power-off all attached devices and disconnect them from the computer.
3. Unplug the AC adapter cable and remove the battery pack from the computer.
4. Carefully place the computer bottom-side up and remove the bottom cover.
5. Plug the AC adapter cable into the computer.
6. Power-on the computer.
  Important Be careful not to actuate the suspend switch (located between the Esc key and the LCD) during the operation. When you turn the computer upside down with the LCD opened, put
something under the computer to prevent accidentally actuating the suspend switch.
7. Check the voltages of the voltage converter on the system board.

Signal
V dc Min.
V dc Max.
VA
+4.75
+5.25
VG
+4.75
+5.25
VB
+4.75
+5.25
VC
+3.42
+3.78
 PWRGOOD
+4.00
+5.25

Note:  Only VOLT is marked on the system board.
Use the above figure to locate the VA, VG, VB, VC, and PWRGOOD signal names.
   o If all voltages are correct, the voltage converter is operating correctly.
   o If the voltages are not correct, go to the next step.
 

8. Power-off the computer and unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer.
9. Check for a short circuit between GND and VA, VG, VB, or VC.
   o If there is a short circuit, replace the following FRUs one at a time to correct the problem.
      – Voltage converter
      – System board
  o If there is no short circuit, go to the next step.
10. Check the output voltage of the AC adapter cable (see Checking the AC Adapter).
   o If the output voltage is correct, go to the next step.
11. Replace the following FRUs one at a time.
    – Voltage converter
    – System board



Checking the Voltage Converter (720, 720C): 
Use this procedure to isolate a problem with the ThinkPad 720, 720C voltage converter.
1. Power-off the computer.
2. Power-off all attached devices and disconnect them from the computer.
3. Unplug the AC adapter cable, then remove the battery pack from the computer.
4. Carefully place the computer bottom-side up and remove the bottom cover.
5. Plug the AC adapter cable into the computer.
6. Open LCD half-way, stand computer on its front edges so suspend switch isn't activated.
7. Power-on the computer.
8. Check the voltages of the voltage converter on the system board. See the following figure.
Notes:
a. Make sure the suspend switch (located to the left above the keyboard) is not activated during
measurement of the voltage.
b. Only PG is marked on the system board. Use the following figure to locate the VA, VG, VB,
VA3, and VB3 signal names.


 

Signal
V dc Min
V dc Max.
VA
+4.75
+5.25
VG
+4.75
+5.25
VB
+4.75
+5.25
VA3
+3.42
+3.78
VB3
+3.42
+3.78
PG
+4.00
+5.25

 

   o If any voltage is not correct, go to step 9.
   o If all voltages are correct, the voltage converter is operating correctly. If the power problem did not reoccur, reconnect the devices removed in step 2 to isolate a device problem.
   o If all the voltages are correct and the power problem still exists, replace the following FRUs
one by one.
  – System board
  – Processor card
9. Power-off the computer and unplug the AC adapter cable from the computer.
10. Check for a short circuit between Ground and VA, VG, VB, VA3 or VB3. The following table shows which FRUs can cause a short at each signal.
   o If there is a short circuit (less than 10 ohms), remove the FRUs indicated one at a time until
the short circuit disappears. Replace the FRU causing the short circuit.
FRU
VA
VG
VB
VA3
VB3
Voltage converter
x
x
x
x
 
Processor card    
x
 
x
System board
x
x
x
x
x
Video card
x
 
x
x
x
Base memory card
x
       
Keyboard control card
x
 
x
   
Math coprocessor    
x
 
x
Diskette drive  
 
x
   
Hard disk drive    
x
   
LCD
x
       
Indicator assembly  
x
x
   

11. If there is no short circuit, replace the following FRUs one at a time.
  o Voltage converter
  o System board
 
 

 9595 Main Page

Base memory card
x
       
Keyboard control card
x
 
x
    Math coprocessor    
x
 
x
Diskette drive  
 
x
    Hard disk drive    
x
    LCD
x
        Indicator assembly  
x
x
   

11. If there is no short circuit, replace the following FRUs one at a time.
  o Voltage converter
  o System board
 
 

 9595 Main Page